Choosing the Right Gemstones in Jyotish

I see a lot of posts on the lists, asking how to choose a gemstone, what not to wear etc.., while I try and answer any specific queries as far as the technical, gemological aspect of the query is concerned, I try and stay away from advising “what gem to wear/what not to wear”. For the thirst of the interested, please find an excellent article below, giving basics from various angles. Please know that this material is not my property, but belongs to a very respected jyotisha, an elder to me: Sarajit ji Poddar. I have merely reproduced it in exact form as originally written by the author. Nonetheless, I feel strongly that the interested readers will benefit from it.

GEMSTONES IN JYOTISH:

Prescription of Gemstone is one of the most important aspects of remedies in Jyotish Shastra. The use of Gemstone is also endorsed by shastras such as Garuda Purana which gives elaborate description of the nature of the gemstones and their use. Even though gemstone use is one of the most popular source of remedies for all ills of the material world, may it be health, wealth or fortune, it is fraught with many misconceptions and erroneous notions of their selection and prescription. This article envisages providing consistent principles which would help the Jyotishas and laymen to select the right gemstones.
GEMSTONES OF YOGAKARAKAS
Since the gemstones enhance the influence of the planet in the life of the person, the gemstones for the planets giving yogas should always be chosen. To know the yoga givers or the yoga-karakas in a horoscope, studying classics such as Brhat Parashara Hora shastra should be studied. However, I shall provide here some guidelines which can help in choosing the gemstones.Lagna lord is the first and foremost yoga karaka in a horoscope, since is the owner of both Kendra (Quadrant) and Kona (Trine). He is protector of the Lagna, which represent health, vitality and the controller of the whole horoscope. The placement of the Lagna lord is extremely important for the overall strength of the horoscope and its gemstone can help a person overcoming all difficulties in life.

The lords of two trines fifth and ninth are equally important. They are the two important houses which control the financial wellbeing of a person. If they are badly placed in the horoscope, then the person might suffer financially in life. Thus their strength is extremely important in addition to the lords of second and eleventh, who signify Wealth and Income.

Each planet can give results on the following basis.
1. Lordship
2. Placement
3. Natural Karakatva (Significations)
4. Yoga (Exchange, Conjunction, Aspects)

Hence it must be remembered that a good planet (lords of Lagna, 5th and 9th) / Yoga- karaka if placed in a dusthana (6th / 8th/ 12th), they can also give malefic results in addition to their inherent benefic nature to do good. Similarly if the yogakarakas are involved in other bad yogas, they can give bad results, while their gemstones are worn. Whenever there is a conjunction or exchange of two planets, their inherent and functional nature is greatly modified. When a benefic planet comes into association with a malefic planet, then the benefic nature of the planet is corrupted and it starts giving malefic results, however the malefic planet gains out of the company and gives good results. Such subtle effects should always be kept into consideration, while suggesting a gemstone for Jyotish remedial purposes.

Exception to this is that, if Saturn becomes the Yoga-karaka and is placed in a dusthana, then its ability to do good increases. It is advisable to wear Neelam, Saturn’s stone for such cases.

GEMSTONE OF WEAK PLANET
If a yoga-karaka (or any good planet in the horoscope, lords of any houses other than 6th/ 8th or 12th) is debilitated, they must be strengthened. One of the ways is to wear the stone of the debilitated planet. However, the more effective way is to find the planet who is causing neecha-bhanga to the debilitated planet. If the neecha-bhanga is happening with respect to the Moon, then Mantra would be a good remedy, however, if it happens with respect to the Lagna, then wearing the gemstone of the planet causing the neecha-bhanga would make the debilitated planet come out of the state of debilitation.When there is no cancellation of debility of other weaknesses then the gemstones for the supporters of the debilitated planet can be prescribed for causing cancellation of debility or for enhancing the life-forces that are being destroyed due to the debility. For example, the Moon is debilitated in Scorpio (8th house of natural zodiac) and is said to be MARANA KARAKA if placed in the 8th house from Lagna. Weakness of such Moon, in any chart is not good for longevity. Hence a blue sapphire is used for enhancing the life-force. The information regarding this is given at the detail section for each planet and their gemstones
It must be noted that debilitation of some planets are desirable in a horoscope. They are the lords of the Dusthanas (6th/ 8th/ 12th). If the lords of the Dusthanas are placed in other Dusthanas in debilitation, then it confers Vipareeta raja yoga, whereby the native gains due to the loss of natural and functional significations of the planet causing the yoga. For example, if 8th lord Moon is involved in Vipareeta Raja yoga, by its debilitation in the 12th house, the native might enjoy rise in life, but the Mother (natural signification of Moon) and the marriage (8th house is the longevity of marriage) might suffer simultaneously. To enjoy the fruits of Vipareeta Raja yoga, the native must not strengthen such debilitated planets that confer the yoga.VIPAREETA RATNA (OPPOSITE GEMSTONE)
Vipareeta means opposite or gemstones used for weakening the effects of some planets in certain houses. If any house is occupied by an enemy of its Karaka, then the significations of the house suffer. Keeping this principle in view, the first house to be checked in any chart is the ninth house of fortune and Dharma with Jupiter & Sun as the significator. Rahu and Saturn are the enemies of these significator and if they are placed in the ninth house, they shall damage fortune and Dharma. The remedy is to strengthen the concerned Karaka by wearing its gemstone in the ring finger. Suka Nadi states that if Rahu is in the ninth house, then the native has good fortune after wearing a Topaz. The same principle of Vipareeta Ratna (Opposite Gemstone) has been used here. Rahu is the enemy of Jupiter and since it is placed in the ninth house, the use of a Topaz (gemstone of Jupiter) removes the misfortune caused by Rahu. Similarly, if Saturn is in the ninth house, then the person may suffer from poverty/ failure in the homeland after 36 years. To remove this evil, a ruby, the gemstone of the Sun (Saturn’s enemy) is worn.
GEMSTONES VS. DASAS
Hands in which the gemstones are worn to be chosen on the basis of certain criteria. The right hand is ruled Jupiter and the left hand by Venus indicating increase (right hand) or decrease (lift hand) of life force.Thus, if gemstones have to be prescribed to decrease the evil effects of a malefic planet, its gemstone should be used in the left hand. Such use should be temporary covering the dasa-bhukti of the planet.
When the planet is a malefic for the horoscope, the maleficence of the planet can be reduced by wearing a counter gemstone temporarily during the Dasa-bhukti of the planet. If instead a gem is to be worn for the main Dasa planet itself, then it should be worn in the left hand. For example, if Rahu is malefic then during its period a Yellow Sapphire/Topaz/Citrine can be worn in the right hand ring finger or Hessonite/Brown Tourmaline etc can be worn in the left hand middle finger.

FLAWED GEMSTONE
A genuine gemstone of good quality should never be used with an imperfect or flawed gem or with one that is astrologically incompatible with it. Suta Goswami (Garuda Purana) advises “not to wear a gem that is of inferior quality or incompatible even if it is set together with the divine Kausthuba Mani of Vishnu. Just as the best of saints lose their merits by bad company, similarly, an imperfect/inferior or incompatible gemstone can ruin the beneficence of other good gems.GEMSTONES AND LAGNA LORD
For determining compatibility of gemstones most astrologers go by the Naisargika Sambandha (natural relationship) of other planets with the stone of the principal/ruling planet. The Ruling Planet is the strongest one in trines to the Lagna or in the seventh house (1,5,7 & 9 houses), and if none are there, then the Lagna lord is chosen. Thus if the ruling planet is the Moon, then all planets are compatible with it, but if it is the Sun, then only Jupiter, Mars & Moon are compatible and their stones can be chosen.

Since the Lagna is the controller of the Horoscope, the impact of the Gemstone ultimately falls on the Lagna (more so, since Lagna is the controller of the physical body, where the gemstone is worn). The planets, whose gemstone is worn, should be a friend to the Lagna lord as per the naisargika sambandha. If any planet is inimical to the lord of Lagna, the use of its gemstone can damage / endanger the concerned people related to the house owned by the planet. For example if the lord of the fifth house is inimical to the Lagna lord, then the use of a gemstone of the fifth lord can endanger the life children. Hence utmost caution should be used in prescribing gemstones.

Naisargika Sambandha of Planets

Some astrologers also use Tatkalika Sambandha (Current relationship) between planets in a chart as this also takes the individual horoscope into focus. Here, the planets that are Param Mitra, Mitra or Sama to the ruling planet are chosen for supportive gemstones.Among all the methods of judging the suitability of a Gemstone namely, the naisargika sambandha, tatkalika sambandha and other sambandha, the best and most beneficial gemstones are those of the planets involved in a beneficial Yoga. If the tenth and ninth lord are involved in a Dharma-Karmadhipati Yoga, then their stones should be used together to augment the effects of the Yoga. Gemstones of planets involved in Duryoga and other malefic combinations or where benefits accrue if the planets are weak and afflicted like the Vipareeta Rajyoga, should never be used.
GEMSTONES OF MUTUALLY INIMICAL PLANETS
Gemstones of mutually inimical planets should never be used simultaneously as they shall prove to be very adverse. Many astrologers give gemstones of mutually inimical planets such as Hessonite (Rahu) with Ruby (Sun) or Yellow Sapphire (Jupiter) or Red Coral (Mars). Such combinations can be extremely dangerous for the native. The natural fight between the owners of the gemstones can be visible in the life of native, where we can witness; the native is caught between many undesirable circumstances without his fault. The table shown below shows the natural relationships between the planets.
FINGERS AND GEMSTONES
The index finger is called Tarjani and is considered very inauspicious. In mantra recitation the beads should never touch this finger, even while turning the rosary (when we finish one circle of 108 beads). It rules the “Ahamkara” and is the finger of “fall” or expression of anger. The Gyana Mudra has all fingers except this index finger stretched out with the index finger (of anger) being in touch with and controlled by the Akasha Tattva of the Thumb. Normally for people who are spiritual / worship their Guru, gemstones should not be used in this finger. Some astrologers prescribe Ruby / Yellow Sapphire for Power / Wealth respectively, for use in the index finger. However these gemstones have been found to give better results of stable power and gradual stable growth in finance in the ring finger.Tatwa in Palmistry
The gemstone of a planet placed in a house should be worn according to the quadrant (Kendra house) is whose trines it is placed. Thus a planet in the ninth house influences the Dharma Trikona and its gemstone should be worn in the ring finger. Gemstones of planets in Moksha Trikona (4, 8, 12) should not be prescribed as then they would be worn in the Tarjani (Index finger). Instead mantra of these planets should be advised.Further gemstone cannot be worn in the finger of inimical elements. For example, if a Red Coral is to be worn for Mars placed in the seventh house, this cannot be prescribed for the little finger due to Mars ruling Agni Tattva (fire element), which is opposed to the Vayu Tattva (Air element). Thus a Coral can only be worn in the ring finger (Agni Tattva / Fire) or middle finger (Prithvi Tattva / Earth). Just as the thumb is different from the other four fingers and in conjunction with them does all work, the Akasha Tattva (Ether element–symbolized by the Thumb) permeates all signs of the other elements and is the driving force / Dhi Shakti.
GEMSTONES AND ARUDHA LAGNA
Since the gemstones are taken for fulfilling the material pursuits in the life than anything else, the arudha lagna plays a very vital role in selection of the gemstones. Arudha Lagna shows the image in this world or in other words, the perception of the world related to the native. This is the material manifestation of the existantial reality of a person. Maharishi parashara says that planets in the twelfth of Arudha Lagna (AL) can show the sources of expenditure, while that in the 11th from the AL show the sources of Income. Even though the promise of the wealth can be seen from different dhana yogas in the horoscope and the strength of the 2nd, 11th and the trines, the sources and the quantum of the gains or losses can be seen from the Arudha.
Thus, it is very important to consider the placement of Planets with respect to the Arudha Lagna for final selection of an Gemstone. The following guidelines can help in such judgement:
1. If a planet is placed in or aspecting the 12th from the Arudha Lagna, the gemstone for such planet can increase the expenditure of the native. Malefics are well placed here as it confer rajayoga while placed here in addition to the expenses shown. However one must remember that planets placed here shows the persons who would secretly oppose the native in various activities. So the gemstones of such planets to be chosen after careful consideration of all factors involved.
2. The gemstone of a planet placed in or aspecting the 11th from Arudha Lagna shall give income from the sources indicated by the planet. The sources can be known by judging both the functional as well as natural significations of the concerned planet.
3. The 2nd and 7th house from the Arudha Lagna are the houses of sustainance of the Image. They should be occupied by benefics or exalted planets. If they are occupied by malefics, the gemstones of such planets can cause fall of image and troubles in career and various other troubles. In addition the planets in the 7th from Arudha lagna shows the persons who would openly oppose the person in various activities, and this is more true with respect to the Malefics. Thus if benefics are placed in the 7th from the Arudha Lagna, their gemstones can be given, provided the native can withstand the opposition shown by the concerned planet.
4. The planets in the Arudha Lagna shows how the world perceives the native. The presence of Moon or Jupiter in the Arudha Lagna gives long lasting fame. They should otherwise be placed with benefics or exalted planets and gemstones of such Moon, Jupiter, benefics or exalted planets can be beneficial to the native, otherwise it can be harmful.
Similarly the lord of the Arudha Lagna should ideally be well placed in either exaltation, mulatrikona, own house or friends house. If gemstone of such planets is worn, it would benefit the native by uplifting his image. If such planet is in fall or unfavourably placed, then the gemstone of the planet, countering the evil has to be worn (please refer to relevant section for more information on this)
5. Malefics in the 3rd or 6th gives material success whereas benefics in these places makes the person spiritual, unless they are debilitated. Thus wearing the gemstones of the malefics placed in 3rd or 6th can help in fulfilment of objectives and gaining over all odds. However, malefics in the 3rd from AL can be detrimental to the health and longevity, thus while prescribing the gemstones, one need to consider this factor as well.
6. The eighth house is also very crucial in a way that it controls the longevity of the person. Malefics placed over there can harm the health of the person and also the image. Stones of such malefics placed there should never be worn.
7. All planets either be benefics or malefics give good results and financial gains while placed in the 9th house from the arudha Lagna. Unless any other adverse yogas exist, gemstone of such planet would be beneficial to the native.
8. 10th house shows the impact of a planet in the native’s career. Benefics are best suited here and malefics are prohibited. For example, if Saturn is placed in such 10th, then the career becomes a bed of thorne for the native.

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